The following GLA briefing is being sent round education networks.
Briefing: Education and Youth Forward Planning
Date: 4 November 2014
- We are forecasting a 90% reduction in GLA managed investment in education and youth from 2014/15 to 2016/17.
- There is a need to understand what strategic impact this will have on the GLA’s role as an influencer and market shaper. For example, maintaining an ESF delivery presence increases our ability to influence use of future funding and improves our understanding of what works.
- Whilst there has been continued improvement in London’s educational attainment there is increasing concern with respect to aged 17+ achievement, there are low numbers of Apprenticeships, high numbers of children are living in poverty and specialised support is required to improve attainment of the most vulnerable groups.
- Planning, including identifying match funding, for any further GLA led activity needs to commence now if we are aiming to deliver in 2016/17.
- Investment in education and youth
- GLA managed investment in education and youth activity is reducing from a peak of £22.6m in 2014/15 to £10.4m in 2015/16 and £2.3m in 2016/17.
- In March 2015 the Mayors Mentoring Programme closes. The Academies programme (championing careers guidance in schools) and the Leadership Clubs (supplementary programme for schools) budgets for 2015/16 are half what they were in 2014/15. The ESF Youth delivery budget reduces to one third of its 2014/15 budget. All of these projects close by March 2016.
- GLA managed investment in Education and Careers reduces from £16.4 in 2014/15 to £5.2m in 2015/16 and to just £0.6m in 2016/17.
- Spend on projects that aim to help young people sustain education and employment is forecast to reduce from £5.1m this year to £0.7m in 2015/16.
- The table below, brings together core GLA managed investment in Education and Youth initiatives from the Health and Communities, Team London, and Economic Business Policy units.
|Youth (Leadership, Mentoring etc.)||920||1,631||1,006||271||40||3,868|
|ESF Sustained work and education||445||1,053||3,729||2,016||700||7,942|
|Of which LSEF||96||4,324||14,980||3,526||300||23,226|
- Appendix A has information on the impact of these projects.
- Additional resources will be invested in youth and education. EBPU have an application pending for £1m BIS Growth Funds to add to the 2015/16 budget for their Employer Led Apprentice programme. From April 2015 to March 2017 the GLA will manage the investment of £5m of Growth Funds to improve the quality of digital training and education in London and ensure that it is relevant to the skills needs of London’s growing digital sector.
- To date, the Mayor’s Sports Legacy Programme has resulted in over £53m being invested in grass roots sports across the capital. The Programme, which aims to increase opportunities for young Londoners and other inactive groups to participate in sport within local community settings to ensure a sustained and significant legacy from the London Games, has a 2014/15 budget of £2.9m and is forecast to spend £2.8m in 2015/16 and £1.3m in 2016/17.
- Team London’s schools ambassador project is being rolled out to schools to inspire young people to volunteer, both in their school and the local community. Over 70,000 young people from over 400 schools have been reached through the programme and there is an aim to reach 1,000 schools by the project end date of March 2017. The budget for this project is included under the ‘volunteering’ line in the table above.
- The Heathy Schools London (HSL) awards scheme recognises what schools are doing to improve the health and wellbeing of their pupils. HSL focuses on the whole child and gives schools a framework to use that involves pupils, staff and the local community. There are now 1,214 schools from across London registered for the scheme. Of those, 490 schools have been met the Bronze Award, 59 Silver and three the Gold standard. The budget for this project is included in the table above; it is due to end in March 2016.
- MOPAC commission a range of front line services which include support to young people, for example the Rape Crisis and Havens services, and those funded through the London Crime Prevention Fund. The Pan London Gang Exit Service and Pan London domestic violence service are in development, and will include young people as service users. The Kicks Programme, jointly funded by MOPAC and the Premier League targets young people (aged 12 to 18 years) has an annual £0.1m budget for delivery from 2014 to 2016. MOPAC successfully bid for £0.6m MoJ Victims Funding to support youth victims presenting to Major Trauma Centres, this service will commence early 2015. MOPAC have also developed a gangs prevention mentoring programme which will work with PRUs and alternative education providers, to be commissioned by the SFA using ESF funding.
- The Mayor’s Fund for London continues to support projects to support young Londoners against their three priorities of health and well-being, skills, and employment. In 2013 the Mayors Fund spent £1.4m on its projects; its budget is forecast to increase following the launch of the Penny for London campaign.
- The GLA is also influencing the use of £129m ESF/Youth Employment Initiative Funding that is forecast to be spent between 2015 and 2017. This will include a programme to support schools and colleges to deliver a high quality careers education offer, support for employers to create apprenticeships, traineeships and work experience opportunities, and NEET prevention and Target NEET activity.
- Evidence of need
- It is estimated the number of jobs needing a degree level qualifications or higher will increase by 800,000 between 2011 and 2036.
- GLA’s new Economic Development Plan states the need to scale up ‘ten times’ the efforts to ensure Londoners can compete successfully in a changing and competitive market-place.
- Whilst London has seen a steady improvement in education results in recent years, there is still room for improvement and challenges to be addressed:
- Just under a quarter of students drop out of their school or college before the age of 18;
- Only 2% of London’s of those leaving school or college early go into apprenticeships, compared to 4% in the rest of the UK;
- In London, fewer young people take science, technology, engineering and maths at school.
- More young people drop out of university before the finish their studies in London compared to the rest of England.
- Ofsted has recently conducted inspections of six London boroughs [Bexley, Haringey, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Newham, Barking and Dagenham] under the new Single Inspection Framework for children in care. These boroughs are in the first tranche of inspections, and all six have been assessed as requiring improvement.
- London has relatively high concentration of groups of children who have been eligible for free school meals in the last six years, white working class children, looked after children and care leavers, children with special educational needs and children from minority ethnic groups. Although many of these young people perform better than those living in other regions, the gaps between their performance and other children are significant. Children with statements of special educational needs or education, health and care plans are another group whose educational performance is consistently below others.
- In May 2013, 383,000 children (aged 0-18) in London lived in out-of-work benefit claiming households. 650,000 children in London live in households with income below 60 per cent of median income after housing costs are taken into accounts. This represents 37 per cent of all children living in London. The Child Poverty Action Group reported that while poverty rates are higher for everyone in London than nationally, this gap is larger for children that for any other group. London has the highest rate of child poverty of any English region.
- Next Steps
- Review GLA’s education and youth funding
- Lobby for further decentralisation funding
- Identify areas where it is more effective to commission at a regional rather than local authority level
- Influence Mayors Fund for London’s plans to support young people
- As we enter a new electoral cycle, GLA managed investment in both youth and education is reducing significantly year on year from a peak in 2014/15, to forecast investment in 2016/17 of just one tenth of this.
- In particular, investment in positive activities that supports young people to sustain education is decreasing with three large projects closing by March 2016 (Mayors Mentoring, Leadership Clubs and the excluded from schools programme).
- Decreasing our funding has a disproportionate impact on the most vulnerable groups of young people.
- There remains a need to invest in education and youth. Whilst there has been continued improvement in London’s educational attainment there is increasing concern with respect to aged 17+ achievement, there are low numbers of Apprenticeships, high numbers of children are living in poverty and specialised support is required to improve attainment of the most vulnerable groups.
- The GLA needs to maximise its ability to lever public and private sector funding to be able to continue to lead education and youth projects. We need sufficient GLA resources to be able to lever additional funding most effectively.
- We need to manage expectations that have been raised by GLA’s current level of involvement in supporting education and youth. Planning, including identifying match funding, for any further GLA led activity needs to commence now if we are aiming to deliver in 2016/17.
Appendix A: Impact to date
|Education||London Schools Excellence Fund aims to help students achieve better results through expert teaching, improved subject knowledge, and subject specific learning methods||Over 5,000 teachers have already been supported through the London Schools Excellence Fund which will be working with 1,200 schools by the end of this academic year|
|The Gold Club is an annual scheme celebrates and shares exceptional practice in London’s schools||There are 95 member schools in the Gold Club 2014/15|
|Mayor’s London Curriculum uses the city to bring the new curriculum to life in an innovative and exciting way for all London secondary schools||Materials across five subject areas launched and available to all London schools from this summer|
|New Schools for London unit to help address the shortage of school places and give parents more genuine choice||The unit is assisting with the difficulties in securing sites in London, alongside announcing 11 sites from within the GLA Group estate that could be used for free schools this summer|
|Careers||Championing Careers Guidance in Schools programme [previously called the Mayor’s Academies Programme||Last year, 1182 young people benefited from the programme, and 855 were in an education, employment or training place 12 months after leaving the programme|
|Inspiresme Week places students with entrepreneurs in SMEs to give them first-hand experience of what it takes to be a business owner||This year over 70 young people benefited from the programme which took place over during the last week of July|
|Volunteering||Team London Young Ambassadors||The project is being rolled out to schools to inspire young people to volunteer, both in their school and the local community. To date over 70,000 young people from over 400 schools have been reached through the programme, with more than 20,000 of these going on to actively volunteer|
|HeadStart London programme||Launched this year supports young people to gain the skills they need to find work through volunteering|
Sustaining Education and Employment
|The Peer Outreach Team is made up of young people from diverse backgrounds that develop, inform and lead GLA policy and programmes aimed at young people.||Successfully organised a youth Carnival in the Olympic park as part of the LLDC legacy commitment this summer, which was attended by 60,000 people
In addition, the project delivered in partnership Redbridge College Pupil Referral Unit received an ‘Outstanding’ from Ofsted
|Youth Programme, co-funded by the European Social Fund||The project is helping 4000 young people who have disengaged or are at risk of disengaging from EET (those with learning difficulties and disabilities and resettlement support for young offenders)|
|Mayor’s Leadership Clubs programme helps schoolchildren aged 10-14 to reach their full potential.||Autumn 2012 saw the start of the project, which is has been established in 30 schools, and engaged with over 1200 pupils|
Mayor’s mentoring programme
|The project has provided mentors for more than 1,000 black boys who are at risk of offending|
|Apprenticeships campaign to support more young people into good jobs and training||Good progress has been made towards the ambitious target of 250,000 apprenticeship starts in London this Mayoral term. Over the last three years we achieved over 3,000 apprenticeship starts across the GLA Group including Transport for London|
|Healthy Schools||Healthy Schools London is a voluntary Awards Programme that recognises schools’ achievements in improving pupil health and wellbeing.||Since its launch in April 2013, 1,175 (49%) schools have registered – 476 Bronze – 55 Silver and 3 Gold|